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Android 11: conversations, bubbles, and making sense of complexity

The Android 11 beta is available now for Pixel phones

今天,谷歌还发布了像素手机的Android测试版11。它具有一个修补通知系统,新的电源菜单,和几十个较小的调整的。我一直在使用它的早期版本由谷歌在我的像素4 XL提供给我一个星期左右,现在,我已经依赖于它的一些新功能。

Android is a “mature” operating system, which is to say there aren’t a lot of obvious missing features. You might say that mature smartphone operating systems like Android and iOS have the opposite problem: too许多features. So Android 11 doesn’t add a lot of new capabilities; instead, it tries to help you handle all of the things your phone already does. The job of a mature operating system is to manage complexity.

Here’s how the Android 11 beta tackles it.

The three new notification sections in Android 11
在Android的11这三个新的通知部。

Conversations

看似Android的每个版本做了一些怎样的变化,以通知的处理方式的。它可以是很难有时跟不上,但我不是在抱怨。我喜欢大大谷歌的迭代去年同期的调整,在Android通知相对淤滞,我们得到的iPhone。

For Android 11, the major changes are both obvious and subtle. Google’s solution is to abstract away Android’s many different notification options into three big buckets. Think of them as easy presets. They solve 90 percent of the notification management problem, and the last 10 percent can either be something you manually tweak or — more likely — just dismiss when those annoying notifications appear.

最明显的变化是,谷歌是增加一个新的部分叫“对话”。Android已经有不同的通知了一段时间的“类型”,但在Android的11,这更清楚他们描绘成不同的部分。我们的想法是把所有你能为通知如何出现设置,并将其简化成三个大水桶许多选项:交谈,警报通知和无声的通知。线上金莎平台

Conversations is the newest section dedicated to notifications that come in from chat apps like Android Messages, Facebook Messenger, and others. It sits at the top of your notification shade, right underneath quick settings.

Conversation notifications can play by slightly different rules than other notifications. They’re less likely to get buried in the mix of everything else. In addition to appearing at the top, you can also tap a button to “bubble” them. That pops out the icon for the person you’re talking to into its own floating bubble that you can throw on any edge of the screen. Tap it, and it opens up an overlay window with your chat thread.

它’s“聊天的头s” from Facebook Messenger,basically, but now made available to any chat app in Android as an official feature — seven years after Facebook introduced them. Unfortunately, it seems like apps will need to be updated to support bubbles, though Google says it’s a relatively simple thing to do.

If Chat heads aren’t your thing, you have another option to make sure you don’t miss important texts. Long-press a notification in the conversations section, and you can choose between three options: Priority, Alerting, and Silent. Here’s how they break down:

  • Priority: the little icon that goes with the notification — usually the avatar for the person who sent it — will appear in your status bar and on the lock screen instead of just the icon for the app. Inside the notification shade, those conversations will always appear at the top and will also get a little yellow highlight around their icon. You can also optionally choose to allow priority conversations to break through Do Not Disturb.
  • Alerting: works just like before
  • 静音:攻丝沉默将保留该线程提醒你的手机,但聊天线程的通知,仍然会出现在对话部分,只是在底部。我已经使用这个选项的一对夫妇特别健谈的线程。因为他们仍高达在对话部分顶我不会错过的消息,但我的手机不振动与每一个小消息。

这就像很多傻傻洗牌的所有声音,当你读到它,但真正使用这个新系统使得直接的感觉。我觉得在我的聊天记录的控制更为现。从个别家庭成员的文本打通,但是从家庭群组聊天文本不迷路嘘。

Once upon a time, mobile operating systems tried to solve the problem of multiple chat apps by threading them into a single app — but those chat apps obviously weren’t happy about being aggregated. Android 11’s solution isn’t to try to re-create webOS’s Synergy or Windows Phone’s omnibus contact sheet, but instead just deal with it on the notification level. It’s an elegant solution, given the constraints under which Google is operating. Every Android user has to deal with multiple chat apps, and true integration is never really going to work. But at least their notifications are in one spot.

线上金莎平台如何对话气泡会在Android的11工作
线上金莎平台如何对话气泡会在Android的11工作。Apps need to be updated to support this feature.
Image: Google
Conversations in Android can be set to “priority,” which lets them break through Do Not Disturb
Conversations in Android can be set to “priority,” which lets them break through Do Not Disturb.
Image: Google

其他更改通知

The Alerting notification and Silent notification sections are largely unchanged, although, again, everything in the notification shade is just a little bigger and more clearly separated. You can still long-press a notification to quickly adjust how (or if) a notification appears. If you dig into notification settings, though, you’ll find a few more options.

Firstly, it’s easier to tweak whether silent notification icons will appear in your status bar or lock screen. You can also dig into notification settings and change any number of nitty-gritty options: which apps can “bubble” conversations, priorities, and even tuck into an individual app’s different types of notifications (called “channels” in Android).

If you’re in the habit of quickly swiping notifications away, you’ve probably run into the problem of swiping something away without actually looking at it. Android 11 has a fix for that, too, an option to find your notification history. If you turn it on, you’ll get a new “History” button at the bottom of the notification shade. Tap it, and all of your recent notifications from the last 24 hours are listed inside your settings app so you can find what you missed.

最后,如果你愿意,你也可以挖成免打扰设置,以获得更精细了该模式是如何工作的控制。线上金莎平台具体来说,你会发现一堆的应用程式和或人们被允许通过DND突破,并提醒您的电话选项。我定住了,让优先文本才能通过。

最重要的是,这些新的选择并不令人费解。什么谷歌基本上已经在这里做的是使一吨的只有Android的强迫症患者曾经与更容易打扰选项,分组一堆东西到下一个长按可用的预设。

Android 11 puts media controls above Quick Settings, and lets you choose your output
Android 11 puts media controls above Quick Settings and lets you choose your output.

New media controls and screenshots

在Android的通知栏有时会感觉自己像是随机功能的倾销地,和什么样的Android 11确实是试图拔出具体的东西,并给他们自己的地方部分。

首先是媒体的控制。通常情况下,这些将在您的通知的顶部时,音乐或视线上金莎平台频播放时显示出来,但在Android的11,这些控制越来越融入了快速设置面积生命上述通知。

它显示了线上金莎平台两种不同的方式。首先,当它倒塌下来,塞到你的其他快速设置切换到一边。展开下来,你会得到充分的专辑封面,擦洗酒吧,和任何其他音乐应用程序要抛在那里。您也将获得一个新的按钮,它可以让你选择在哪里你的声音是怎么回事。它应该让你发送给您的蓝牙耳机或兼容的智能扬声器。

我看到在我Google-providedβ构建is slightly different than what’s been leaked and previously reported on, so it’s likely that Google is still fine-tuning the interface. Plus, it’s one of the buggier parts of the beta right now.

Android 11’s screenshot interface is a lot like the iPhone’s.
Android 11’s screenshot interface is a lot like the iPhone’s.

Another thing Google pulled out of notifications is the interface for screenshots. Now, when you trigger a screenshot, a tiny thumbnail will float down to the lower-left corner. There will be some button attached to it if you want to quickly edit or share the screenshot. There have been reports that there will be athird button for scrolling screenshots, but that’s not on my build.

I would be remiss if I didn’t point out that both the speaker selection button and (especially) the screenshot interface are lifted right off of the iPhone.Apple previously sued Android manufacturers for making slide-to-unlock mechanismsthat were vaguely reminiscent of the original iPhone’s unlock. Now, Android 11’s core gesture navigation and screenshot captures are almost identical to how the iPhone works.

最后一两件事:去年,谷歌把真正的,本机屏幕记录在Android 10测试阶段,但把它的正式发布。这回今年在Android测试版11,它在我的测试完美无缺。希望它坚持的这个时候。它是一个附加功能很多三星,华为,以及其他手机多年。我不知道为什么谷歌已经发现如此难以支持在操作系统级别。

Android 11’s power menu adds smart home controls.
Android 11’s power menu adds smart home controls.

Power menu

智能手机操作系统通过不同的视觉隐喻比你的桌面,甚至平板电脑进行操作。他们创造他们自己的规则运作,不同的概念“区域” - 希望 - 有一个特定的目的。

There’s the home screen, the lock screen, notification shade, quick settings (or Control Center), and so on. In Android 11, Google is de-facto creating a new “zone” of user interaction with an unfortunately vague name: the “power menu.” You get to it by long-pressing the power button. (In the strange world of smartphones, it’s sometimes called the sleep / wake button.)

它的功率菜单有望做的事情:提供各种电源和复位选项。可悲的是,“锁定”选项禁用生物识别三个点的菜单下时隐时它应该是可以trigger with just physical buttons as you can on the iPhone

去ogle has placed Google Pay cards and boarding passes under those power options. Both the power options and pay options are something we’ve seen before.

谷歌认为,作为你把你的口袋里的东西的地方电力菜单:钱包和钥匙。
谷歌认为,作为你把你的口袋里的东西的地方电力菜单:钱包和钥匙。
Image: Google

The new section is next: Home. It’s where Google is putting buttons for your smart home controls. You can choose which smart home gadgets appear here and also reorder them. With smart lights (which are all I have), you can tap buttons to toggle them on or off, drag on the button to adjust brightness, or long-press to get a bigger UI with more options.

它’s more convenient than Apple’s home controls in Control Center on the iPhone, if only because it’s just one button away instead of a swipe and a long-press.

Android 11’s power menu home controls are powered by the Google Home app. That’s great news because it means that you shouldn’t have to set up your smart home gadgets a second or third time. Google tells me that if smart home companies want to directly support buttons or controls in the power menu without going through the Google Home app, they can.

A word of warning, however: the experience as I’ve described it here only applies to the Pixel. It’s anybody’s guess what Samsung or other manufacturers will do. Samsung has its own payment system, smart home ecosystem, and even its own penchant for remapping a long-press of the power button to Bixby. Google says it’s working with partners to ensure a consistent experience, but we’ll see.

至于为什么谷歌提出了一个全新的“区”,而不是仅仅把智能家居控制其他地方,例如快速设置面板,谷歌的想法是,电源菜单是那种你的钥匙和钱包的数字当量。这对控制的事情your phone, while quick settings is for controlling thingsyour phone.

Android 11’s “recents” screen shows you how to directly select text to copy.
Android 11’s “recents” screen shows you how to directly select text to copy.

Home and multitasking

让我们快速轮出最后两个UI区域。Android的11并没有做太多的主屏幕。在像素,您可以选择替换应用的船坞是Android的认为你可能想旁开。我不是这方面的一个大风扇,因为我想的图标我专门把那里的码头。

谷歌调用多任务屏幕“最近”的屏幕,这是我每次都抬起头来。在Android中11,也有在底部的一些新的按钮。截图抓住最前面的应用程序(而不是整个屏幕的多任务处理)的屏幕截图。分享需要的是屏幕截图,并拉起份额片立即将其发送给他人。

最后,在中间是一个叫按钮“选择”。它强调在最前面的应用程序可选元素,因此您可以轻松地复制的东西,而不一路进入应用程序。我认为这主要是因为有谷歌希望你知道这是可能做到这一点摆在首位。我发现所有的三个按钮没有意义;它并不难,只是跳进应用。如果有一个地方,我宁愿有那些建议应用谷歌希望我把在主屏幕码头,它是这里的最近通话屏幕上。

Android 11 encourages apps to not ask for background location and adds one-time permisisons.
Android的11鼓励应用程序不为背景的位置要求,并增加了一次性的权限。

权限

去ogle is continuing its long trend of locking down what apps are allowed to do in the background in Android 11. My favorite new feature is permission reset, which automatically resets all permissions from apps you haven’t opened in some time.

Android 11 also follows a trend Apple started last year: one-time permission. Now, when an app asks for location information, the only three options that get buttons are “while using the app,” “only this time,” and “deny.” The one-time use option is new and much-appreciated. If an app wants to get permanent background permission, it has to deep-link you into its location permissions inside Android’s settings. Google seems to be discouraging that kind of use.

最后,如果您轻按该权限中的“拒绝”了两次,Android的11将阻止应用再次询问您的许可。

Voice Access

Android has a long list of accessibility features, and Android 11 has an update to one of them that I initially didn’t give enough credit to. Google says that Android 11 now has “an on-device visual cortex that understands screen content and context, and generates labels and access points for accessibility commands.” What that means is that if you’re controlling the phone with your voice, you can speak more naturally by just saying what’s on screen instead of having to identify a number on a grid.

Bits and Bobs

去ogle’s keyboard, Gboard, is getting some updates, too. Google says the feature that lets you mix and match emoji to make custom stickers will have 5,000 different combinations now. More interestingly, Gboard is going to pick up auto-fill capabilities. Google says that it’s based on federated learning models, and no data from your auto-fill will be shared with Google. I’ll be interested to see if it’s a fiasco trying to fill out a form in Chrome because it’s possible that Chrome, Android, and Gboard will all be competing to put something in there automatically. (Google says it’s not going to be a problem.)

有很多其他的必要。去ogle’s Project Mainline, the service that lets it update key system components over the air without waiting for carriers or manufacturers, is getting 12 more modules. Dark mode is getting better scheduling options. Pixel phones will have more weird icon shapes available for theming. Picture-in-picture videos can be resized (but good luck dragging your finger on the tiny corner on the first try). You can “pin” apps to the share sheet rather than rely on Android’s algorithms. Airplane mode won’t turn off Bluetooth if you are connected to headphones. The list goes on.

On that list, my favorite thingshouldbe tethering over USB-Ethernet. Windows users don’t have to worry about this, but there’s no way to natively use USB to tether a Mac to an Android phone. I’ve been现在安装在Mac电脑上的自定义驱动程序年。但基于以太网现在的Android可以只提供网络通过USB,它应该有相当多的东西,你可以将它在工作。它should, but unfortunately, it requires that you plug in a USB adapter with an Ethernet plug on it. And unless your computer has an Ethernet jack, you’ll need another dongle on the other end.

A Pixel 4 XL display the Android 11 logo

如果你只是看的功能符号列表,很多Android的11好像它主要是重排功能和增加新的小的调整。就像我说的,Android是一个成熟的操作系统,所以有没有真正大规模的缺口需要被填补。Android的11的目的是使你真正想要做一个小东西有点更容易找到。

Those little decisions of what goes where and why are the subtle things that ultimately make a phone feel either intuitive or confusing. There’s still some confusing stuff here — the settings app is turning into a mess — but overall, I can see where Google is trying to go. Android is complex, and rather than try to simplify it directly, it’s adding simpler layers on top of that complexity.

我会暂缓判断自己是否认为谷歌到了那里,直到我可以查看Android的11这个秋天的最终版本。这仍然是一个测试版,毕竟,这只是粗略的不多,所以我不建议您在主设备上安装它。事情可能会改变从现在到正式发布之间的位;谷歌计划发布两个测试版之前,这是最后定稿。

When I do review it, it’ll be on a Google Pixel. That’s because the Pixel is still the only Android phone guaranteed to get updated right away. The entire Android ecosystem has made more progress than I expected in speeding up updates for other phones, but it’s still not where it ought to be. So while I’m reserving judgment on whether Android 11 makes sense, I can say that knowing whether or when your Android phone will get it is still confusing.

Photography by Dieter Bohn / The Verge

Update: This article was updated at 4:10PM ET on June 10th to include more information on Voice Access.

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